SPORTS INJURY REHABILITATION
Sports injuries refers to a broad category of injuries in various parts of the body, which can be caused due to strenuous activities, such as sports. There are certain parts of the body that are more prone to damage from sports injuries. Below are the top 8 most common types of sports injuries. The top three categories (Runner’s Knee, Shoulder Injury, and Ankle Sprain) comprise more than 80% of all sports injuries.
Runner’s knee is the most common type of sports injury. The problem happens most commonly to runners, cyclists, swimmers, as well as people who practice aerobics, play football, basketball and volleyball. Overuse of the knee leads to irritation of the tendon below the knee-cap which results in this problem.
Knee injuries can be the result of getting hit on the knee, falling down, or landing on a flexed knee. These are most common to footballers. These typically involve the ligaments that hold two of the bones of the knee – the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the medial cruciate ligament (MCL), or the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).
These injuries occur mostly during tennis, swimming, and volleyball. The chief cause of these problems is the overuse of the shoulder, which loosens the rotator cuff (a group of tendons and muscles around the shoulder).
Ankle sprains are common to any activity that involves jumping, running or turning quickly (e.g., playing football, basketball etc.). Such motion can lead to twisting of the ankle and possible tearing of a tendon/ligament.
Tennis Elbow involves tendon degeneration in the elbow due to repeated backhand strokes common to tennis. This condition leads to pain on the outside of the elbow. Golfers Elbow impacts the inside of the elbow, due to the inflammation of the muscles responsible for forearm-flexing.
Golfer's elbow is a condition that causes pain where the tendons of your forearm muscles attach to the bony bump on the inside of your elbow. The pain might spread into your forearm and wrist.
Golfer's elbow is similar to tennis elbow, which occurs on the outside of the elbow. It's not limited to golfers. Tennis players and others who repeatedly use their wrists or clench their fingers also can develop golfer's elbow.
Shin Splints refers to pain on the inside of shinbone caused by inflammation of the surrounding muscles. These occur mostly in cases of inactive people who start working out and increase their intensity too fast.
The hamstrings are the muscles behind your thighs. Hamstring strains most commonly occur due to inadequate warming up or excessive fatigue.
Minor injuries, such as mild sprains and strains, can often be initially treated at home using PRICE therapy for two or three days.
Protection –protect the affected area from further injury
Rest –Avoid exercise and reduce your daily physical activity.
Ice – apply an ice pack to the affected area for 15-20 minutes every two to three hours.
Compression – use elastic compression bandages during the day to limit swelling.
Elevation – keep the injured body part raised above the level of your heart whenever possible.